What is the Domain Life Cycle?
The domain life cycle refers to the different stages a domain name goes through, starting from its registration and expiration until its deletion. In general, the domain life cycle has four stages—registration or renewal period, registrant grace period, redemption period, and pending delete period.
The registration period usually lasts for one year, although the registrant can set it to renew automatically. In this case, the domain enters the renewal period for another year. The cycle remains at this stage until the owner lets the domain expire.
A day after the expiration date, the domain name enters the registrant grace period, which lasts 30–45 days, depending on the registrar. Once this period is over, the domain enters the redemption period. Only the original registrant can redeem the domain during this stage, and their inaction would push the domain to enter the pending delete period. After five days in this final stage, the domain is deleted and sent back to the pool of publicly available domains.